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The Rocky Mountaineer in Banff National Park Canada

When Canada’s inaugural transcontinental train trundled from Montreal into British Columbia’s Port Moody in 1886, it practically and symbolically linked the country’s east and west for the first time, triggering a golden age of “high-speed” rail travel that inspired thousands to explore the fledgling nation.

Today aeroplanes have raced ahead in the speed stakes, but meandering train journeys are still one of the most immersive ways to explore the world’s second-largest country.

Animal magic
Carrier VIA Rail runs almost 500 trains each week on dozens of year-round routes, including its flagship transcontinental Toronto-to-Vancouver service. And while some are busy commuter lines, others are off-the-beaten-track gems that are well-worth connecting to.

From big-city Montreal to the Atlantic-facing Nova Scotia capital of Halifax, the 1,346km Ocean service is an almost 24-hour trip. After an overnight trundle northeast through the forests of Quebec, the route threads through historic shoreline settlements in the province’s of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, both known for their seafaring locals, fresh seafood and hundreds of welcoming small communities. Outside the windows, there are views of the region’s signature bright-painted wooden homes, striped lighthouses and excellent birdlife, including plovers, curlews and an osprey or two.

The White Pass and Yukon Route Railroad Canada

Much larger wildlife is the focus of VIA’s two-day sleeper service between the central Canadian cities of Winnipeg and Churchill. The 1,700km Winnipeg-Churchill line heads north from the Manitoba capital, easing through lake-studded woodland tundra towards the remote, sub-arctic northern region. Passengers are typically rewarded at their final destination with sightings of beluga whales in the Churchill River or wandering polar bears, which amble through snow-covered Churchill in October and November.

Deer, elk and bears – of the black or grizzly variety – are common sightings out west on the Jasper to Prince Rupert route. The spectacular two-day journey, known by locals as the Rupert Rocket, winds 1,160km from Alberta’s towering Rocky Mountains through a British Columbia lake-and-forest landscape dotted with tiny pioneer communities such as McBride and Vanderhoof.

Alberta bear grizzly Banff National Park

The vintage train is part of the line’s charm. Its stainless steel, streamlined carriages were built in the 1950s, so it feels like riding in a well-maintained museum exhibit – especially in the observation car, where the upper level glass-ceilinged seating area is perfect for watching the vast wilderness unfold. Do not forget to quiz the chatty attendants; they have plenty of evocative stories about the region and its colourful characters, including an 80-year-old local who has been single-handedly renovating an old sawmill in the bush here for years.

The Jasper to Prince Rupert train Canada

Luxe lines
North America’s largest privately owned train company, Vancouver-based Rocky Mountaineer, operates several multi-day scenic routes from April to October. Like a cruise ship on rails, the upscale service is warm and friendly, passengers dine in style and sleeper cabins are swapped for overnight stays in hotels en route.

Snaking through western Canada’s jaw-dropping mountain terrains – usually at a pedestrian, camera-friendly pace known onboard as “Kodak speed” – passengers spend much of their time glued to the windows as the trains inch around steep clifftops and across slender, dramatically lofty trestle bridges. Multi-day services include First Passage to the West, which retraces part of the original rail route that first linked the country back in the 1880s; and the new Coastal Passage, which links the region to south-of-the-US-border Seattle for the first time in company history.

The Canadian Rockies, Banff National Forest Alberta Canada

For those short on time, the company also operates a half-day trip from North Vancouver to Whistler. Running alongside Howe Sound’s shimmering coastline before snaking inland through river-veined mountains, the route brings visitors to British Columbia’s most popular resort town, excellent for winter skiing and snowboarding, plus there is a menu of outdoor summer action from ziplining to river rafting.

Top of the luxury tree is the Royal Canadian Pacific. Based in Alberta and as close as Canada gets to an Orient-Express-style train, the company’s walnut-panelled 1920s carriages are pulled by restored 1950s locomotives. Running every summer on its signature Rocky Mountain route, passengers sleep in antique staterooms and indulge in multi-course fine dining. On a six-night loop to and from the city of Calgary, the train snakes alongside rugged cowboy-country landscapes of wide meadows framed by sharp-cragged peaks.


New train on the block
Proving the enduring appeal of Canadian rail travel, a swanky new Quebec province operator rolled into the station in 2011. Owned by Cirque de Soleil co-founder Daniel Gauthier, the sleek, double-decker carriages of the Train of Le Massif de Charlevoix travel a 140km forest-and-riverside route from Quebec City northeast to the municipality of La Malbaie.

The Jasper to Prince Rupert train Canada

Several day trip and dining options are available – travelling during the autumn foliage season is popular, while summertime stops at the charming little city of Baie-Saint-Paul, with its galleries and farmers’ market, are recommended. Winter travellers typically have a different agenda: a popular ski and snowboard destination for years, the mountain slopes of Le Massif now have a slick new hotel and easy train access from the city.

Time travel
New services are welcome, of course, but nostalgia is the lure for many Canada-bound rail fans. Luckily, there are dozens of vintage services ready to roll you back into the past.

Manitoba’s Prairie Dog Central Railway let’s you see how passengers used to travel. Its half-day steam train excursion – running May to September just outside the capital city of Winnipeg – includes a couple of leg-stretching stops en route, including the craft and snack stalls at Grosse Isle. And if you are a real train enthusiast, you can book a day-long hands-on engineering adventure where you will learn how to run a locomotive.

The Whistler Mountaineer in Cheakamus Canyon Canada

Yukon-bound visitors should board the White Pass and Yukon Route Railroad from the city of Whitehorse. It takes you on wooden-seated carriages through the treacherous mountain terrain that greeted 1890s gold rush prospectors. Make sure your carriage’s wood-fired stove is on, keep your eyes peeled for bear-sightings and – as you trundle across the border into Alaska – enjoy this evocative reminder of the early days of Canada’s pioneering train system.

La Malbaie, Charlevoix

Related article: The wonders of Canada by rail

Courtesy : bbc