Cultivation of mushroom (Volvariella volvacea) on banana leaves
The major problem associated with the transfer of technology for mushroom cultivation is the lack of technical know-how for its cultivation. During an investigation of the cultivation of mushroom on agricultural residues, it was found that rice husk sorghum stover, saw dust, cotton waste, cocoa bean shell, and sawdust – Gliricidia mixture are suitable substrates for the cultivation of edible mushroom. While, rice straw, water lilly and banana leaves are equally implicated. The thrust of the study herein reported was to evolve a method for the cultivation of the mushroom, Volvariella volvacea, using banana leaves and determine their effect on the chemical composition of the spent substrate (banana leaves). The methods is collecting banana leaves and inoculation, production of spawn, and the last is Fruiting and harvesting. solid state fermentation of banana leaves by lignin degrading mushroom (Volvariella volvacea), yield of fruiting bodies and compositional changes of the substrate were evaluated using a student parametric “T” test model. The biological efficiency was 5.21 while the total weight of fruit yield was 2.5 kg. The percentage biomass loss was 18.20%. The banana leaves treated with V. volvacea exhibited losses primarily in the polysaccharide components and with a greater percentage of the fibre components being degraded. The crude protein content was enhanced by the incubation of the mushroom due probably to the addition of microbial protein. The acid detergent lignin (ADL) was significantly reduced in the fungus treated sample. The acid detergent fibre (ADF) and neutral detergent fibre (NDF) followed similar trend but, the cellulose and hemicellulose increased. The development of this simple technology is expected to improve the yield of mushroom as well as provide sustainable feed (spent substrate) for ruminant animals.
Mushrooms are fruiting bodies that produce spores, growing from the hyphae of fungi concealed in soil or wood. Proverbial for rapid growth, many varieties are edible and cultivated. But, The major problem associated with technology for mushroom cultivation is the lack of technical cultivation. Because that’s the basis of scientific work is made so that those who have read this work can be applied technical cultivation of mushrooms in a suitable planting medium for the growth of the fungus, is a banana leaves. This research is to develop a method for the cultivation of mushroom, Volvariella volvacea, using banana leaves and determine its effect on the chemical composition of the spent substrate (banana leaves).
In this journal the authors explain that the planting medium banana leaves which is a growing media simple and easy to find but it can be a good impact for the growth of fungi that can be cultivated and can also be used as ruminant animals feed. In the results and discussion we can see that the higher hemicellulose content recorded for the fungus treated banana leaves indicates that it is a valuable product for the lignin degrading fungus (for it provides the organism with energy source for better functioning). Also, the higher cellulose content recorded for the fungus treated sample will provide more glucose for ruminant animals since the gut of the animal is well equipped with microbes that can convert the cellulose to glucose. Conclusively, the study revealed the potential of banana leaves as a good substrate for the cultivation of V. volvacea and the spent substrate as a viable ingredient in ruminant feed
In the cultivation of mushrooms in a banana leaves is indeed necessary exactitude, ranging from preparing the raw material, the process of inoculation, production of spawn, and Fruiting and harvesting. Due to an error on one of them it will be fatal. Yes, because a failure in one process will cause the fungus does not grow or die. Therefore, the required accuracy in the cultivation process in order to achieve maximum results