annisaa rahmawati Blog mahasiswa Universitas Brawijaya

9Apr/124

Kumpulan Soal Biokimia Kelas D Agroekoteknologi

Group 1:

Hesty M                      115040201111066

Ayu Kurnia P                        115040201111073

Sinta Juwita M          115040201111065     

Emira Dyah L            115040201111070

Novi Bagus P             115040201111258

 

          QUESTIONS:

Lecture 1 : Plant Biochemistry

  1. What is Biochemistry used for?
  2. Mention at least five examples of plant biochemistry!

 

Lecture 2 : Introduction to Enzyme

  1. How is the reaction of the yeast fermentation of sugar alcohol found by Buchner?
  2. Explain the defition of papain and mention the function?
  3. What is the difference of a competitive inhibitors with a non-competitive inhibitors?
  4. What is the A coenzyme?

 

Lecture 3 : Characteristics of Enzyme Catalysis

  1. Why “enzyme kinetic’s reaction is reversible” ?
  2. Mention the characteristics of enzyme?
  3. Describe what is the difference between “Lock and Key” hypothesis and “Induced Fit” hypothesis!
  4. How does the enzyme work?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Materi 1 : Biokimia Tanaman

  1. Apa kegunaan biokimia?
  2. Sebutkan minimal 5 contoh biokimia tanaman!

 

Materi 2 : Pengenalan Enzim

  1. Bagaimanakah reaksi fermentasi gula alkohol dari ragi yang ditemukan oleh Buchner?
  2. Jelaskan definisi dari papain dan sebutkan fungsinya!
  3. Apa perbedaan inhibitor kompetitif dengan inhibitor non-kompetitif?
  4. Apakah koenzim A?

 

Materi 3 : Karakteristik Enzim

  1. Mengapa “reaksi enzim kinetik adalah reversibel”?
  2. Sebutkan karakteristik dari enzim!
  3. Deskripsikan perbedaan hipotesis “lock and key” dengan hipotesis “Induced Fit”!
  4. Bagaimana cara kerja enzim?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lecture 1 : Plant Biochemistry

  1. Biochemistry is used for:
  • To learn about the biological processes which take place in cells and organisms.
  • To study the properties of biological molecules
  • Biochemists find uses for biomolecules. For example, a biochemist may use a certain lipid as a food additive.
  • A biochemist might find a substitute for a usual biomolecule. For example,biochemists help to develop artificial sweeteners.
  • Biochemists can help cells to produce new products.

Biokimia digunakan untuk:

  • Untuk mempelajari proses biologis yang terjadi di sel dan organisme
  • Untuk mempelajari sifat molekul biologis
  • Ahli biokimia menemukan kegunaann dari biomolekul.Contohnya,ahli kimia dapat menggunakan lipid tertentu sebagai aditif makanan
  • Seorang ahli biokimia mungkin menemukan pengganti untuk biomolekul biasa. Sebagai contoh, ahli biokimia membantu untuk mengembangkan pemanis buatan.
  • Ahli biokimia dapat membantu sel untuk menghasilkan produk baru.
  1. The examples of biochemistry are:
  • a-Amylase
  • Cellulose
  • Pigment
  • The fall leaves
  • The narcotic analgesics
  • Cyanide poisoning
  • Methanol Poisoning
  • Biodiesel

Contoh dari biokimia adalah:

  • Alpha amilase
  • Selulosa
  • Pigmen
  • Gugur daun
  • Narkotika analgesik
  • Peracunan sianida
  • Peracunan methanol
  • Biodisel

 

Lecture 2 : Introduction of Enzyme

  1. C6H12O6 → 2C2H5OH + 2CO2 + 2 ATP.
  2. Papain, also known as papaya proteinase I, is a cysteine protease  enzyme present in papaya (Carica papaya) and mountain papaya (Vasconcellea cundinamarcensis).Papain  can be used to accelerate the process of softening of the flesh. papain in papaya has been developed for material beauty. Papain into the manufacture of face creams and cleansers. Because papain is believed to dissolve the dead cells off the skin attached to the pad. Such as stains and spots on the skin. Papain is also used as material for toothpaste, because its function is to clean up the remnants of food that stick in your teeth.

 

Papain, juga dikenal sebagai pepaya proteinase I, adalah protease sistein enzim yang terdapat dalam pepaya (Carica papaya) dan pepaya gunung (Vasconcellea cundinamarcensis)).Getah pepaya bisa digunakan untuk mempercepat proses pelunakan daging. Papain dalam pepaya sudah dikembangkan untuk bahan kecantikan. Papain menjadi bahan dasar pembuatan krim dan pembersih muka. Karena papain dipercaya mampu melarutkan sel-sel mati yang melekat pada kulit terlepas. Seperti noda dan flek pada kulit. Papain juga digunakan sebagai bahan pembuat pasta gigi, karena fungsinya yang dapat membersihkan sisa-sisa makanan yang melekat di gigi.

  1. Competitive inhibitor is a protein that attaches to the active side of the enzyme so that the substrate can not enter the active side of the enzyme and the reactionfailedto occur. Whereas non competitif inhibittor entering other parts of the enzyme that causes theactive form of the enzyme and the substrate was changed and can not stick to the active side of the enzyme.

 

Inhibitor kompetitif merupakan suatu protein yang menempel pada sisi aktif dari enzim sehingga substrak tidak dapat memasuki sisi aktif dari enzim dan gagal terjadi reaksi.Sedangkan inhibittor non competitif memasuki bagian lain dari enzim yang menyebabkan bentuk enzim dan sisi aktifnya berubah dan substrak pun tidak bisa menempel sisi aktif dari enzim

  1. A coenzyme is a non-protein organic substance which is loosely bound to the protein part, dialyzable, and thermostable.

Koenzim A adalah zat non-protein organik yang terikat lemah pada bagian protein, dialyzable, dan termostabil.

 

Lecture 3 : Characterictics of Enzyme

  1. Enzyme kinetic’s reaction is reversible because some substance can be synthesized from the substrate in the reaction.

Reaksi enzim kinetik adalah reversibel karena beberapa substansi dapat disintesis dari substrat dalam reaksi.

  1. The charactristics of enzyme are:
  • Enzymes as catalysts.
  • The enzyme is a protein
  • Working back and forth

Karakteristik enzim adalah:

  • Enzim sebagai katalis.
  • Enzim adalah protein
  • Bekerja bolak-balik
  1. The similar are both of that hypothesis have two components, they are substrate and enzyme and both unite between substrate and enzyme. But the difference, if “Lock and Key” hypothesis the shape or configuration of the active site is especially design for the specific substrate involved, if  “Induced Fit” hypothesis the process is truly interactive in that the conformation of the substrate also changes as it adapts to the conformation of the enzyme

Kedua hipotesis yang memiliki dua komponen, yaitu substrat dan enzim dan keduanya bersatu. Namun bedanya, jika hipotesis " lock and key " bentuk ataukonfigurasi dari situs aktif terutama desain untuk substrat tertentu yang terlibat, jika hipotesis " Induced Fit " proses ini benar-benar interaktif dalam bahwa konformasi substrat juga berubah karena menyesuaikan dengan konformasi enzim.

  1. The way enzyme works is by forming enzyme-substrate compound, and then produce a product without changing the compound's own enzymes, the products formed after the enzyme will break away to form new compounds with other substrates.
    There are 2 ways of action of the enzyme:
  • Lock and key (lock and keys)
  • Induced fit (induced fit)

Cara enzim bekerja adalah dengan membentuk senyawa enzim-substrat, kemudian menghasilkan suatu produk tanpa merubah senyawa enzim itu sendiri, setelah produk terbentuk maka enzim akan melepaskan diri untuk membentuk senyawa baru dengan substrat yang lain.
Ada 2 cara kerja enzim :

  • Lock and key (gembok dan anak kunci)
  • Induced fit (induksi pas)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Group 2:

Annisaa Rahmawati             115040201111063

Dian Prabawati                     115040201111068

Intan Dwi Putri W                115040201111069

Desi Kurnia Sari                   115040201111071

Wilda Al Aluf                        115040200111073

 

QUESTIONS:

  1. Mention six kinds and function of enzymes?

Answer :

  1. What is the included metalion activator ?

Answer :

  1. Mention is the characteristic of enzym?

Answer :

  1. What enzymes that have ability to damage membrane cell in absition layer?

Answer :

  1. What is Holoenzyme?

Answer :

  1. The principal types of biological molecules, or biomolecules are…

Answer :

  1. a protein-cleaving enzyme derived from papaya and certain other plants is…

Answer :

  1. enzyme in a reaction can be in a state of free and bound to the substrate, so that the total enzyme is mathematically are…

Answer :

  1. ………………………is a non-protein organic substance which is loosely bound to the protein part, dialyzable, and thermostable.

Answer :

  1. ………..is the difference between the rates of ES formation minus the rates of its disappearance

Answer :

Translate:

  1. Sebutkan enam macam dan fungsi enzim?
  2.  Apakah metalion termasuk aktivator?
  3. Sebutkan karakteristik enzim?
  4. Enzim apa yang memiliki kemampuan merusak membran sel di lapisan absisi?
  5. Apakah holoenzim itu?
  6.  Jenis atau tipe utama dari molekul biologis atau biomolekul adalah ...
  7. Protein enzim yang berasal dari pepaya dan tanaman tertentu lainnya adalah ....
  8. Enzim dalam reaksi dapat berada dalam keadaan bebas dan terikat pada substrat, sehingga enzim total secara matematis adalah ...
  9. ..... Adalah zat non-protein organik yang bebas terikat pada bagian protein, dialyzable, dan termostabil.
  10. ..... Adalah perbedaan antara tingkat pembentukan ES dikurangi tingkat kehilangannya.

 

ANSWER:

®    Transferases = Transfer functional groups between molecules

®    Oxidoreductases = Transfer electrons (RedOx reactions)

®    Hydrolases = Break bonds by adding H2O

®    Lyases = Elimination reactions to form double bonds

®    Isomerases = Intramolecular rearangements

®    Ligases = Join molecules with new bonds

  1. Metal ion activator these include K+, Fe++, Fe+++, Cu++, Co++, Zn++, Mn++, Mg++, Ca++, and Mo+++
  • As proteins.
  • Biological catalystsBiological catalysts, critical components of cell , critical components of cell metabolism & biological processesmetabolism & biological processe.
  • Very efficient catalysts Very efficient catalysts.
  • Reduce Reduce G G for reaction (by binding the for reaction (by binding the transition state) transition state).
  • Subject to regulatory control Subject to regulatory control of various sorts of various sorts Carry out catalysis in a special region of the Carry out catalysis in a special region of the molecule, molecule, the activethe active—sitesite.
  • Exhibit special kinetics Exhibit special kinetics.

 

  1. cellulase and polygalacturonase
  2. Holoenzyme is composed by Apoenzyme + Coenzyme

 

  • carbohydrates
  •  lipids
  •  Proteins
  •  nucleic acids

 

  1. Papain
  2. [E]0 = [E]+[ES]
  3. A coenzyme
  4. [ES]

 

Group 3:

Akhmad Hadi Faqih Syaikhu          115040201111067

Fangga Ratama Camada                 115040201111074

Muhammad Misbakhul Ulum         115040201111262

Ika Nur Sa’adah                               115040213111009

Diah Septiningrum                            115040213111011

 

QUESTIONS:

  1. What is the function of the enzyme as a reaction biocatalysator?
  2. Where is the catalase enzym  located of the plant?
  3. What are the factors that influence biochemical reactions?
  4. What is the enzyme kinetics?
  5. What is papain? And how does papain tenderize meat?
  6. What is the different between the “lock and key” hypothesis and “induced fit” hypothesis?
  7. What  definition  of A coenzyme?
  8. The principal types of biological molecules, or biomolecules are: (exept)
    1. carbohydrates
    2. lipids
    3. proteins
    4. amino acids
    5. Mention and explain Specificity of Enzymes!
    6. The importants of enzyme kinetics as follow : (exept)
      1. It provides valuable information for enzyme mechanism
      2. It can bind the substrates in the short time
      3. It gives an insight into the role of an enzyme under physiological conditions
      4. It can help show how the enzyme activity is controlled and regulated

 

Translate:

  1. Apa fungsi dari enzim sebagai reaksi biokatalisator?
  2. Dimana letak enzim katalase dalam tumbuhan?
  3. Faktor apa yang mempengaruhi reaksi biokimia?
  4. Apakah enzim kinetik itu?
  5. Apakah papain itu? Bagaimana cara papain melunakan daging?
  6. Apa perbedaan antara hipotesis lock and key dan hipotesis induced fit?
  7. Apa definisi koenzim?
  8. Apa tipe utama dari molekul biologi atau biomoekul? (kecuali)
    1. karbohidrat
    2. lipid
    3. protein
    4. asam amino
    5. Sebutkan dan jelaskan kekhususan dari enzim?
    6. Apa pentinya enzim kinetik? (Kecuali)

 

ANSWER :

  1. The enzyme is a metabolic enzyme is biocatalysator because the catalyst produced by cells of the organism. Catalyst is a substance that speeds up chemical reactions with activation energy and without changing the final result (product) of a chemical reaction. Enzymes will work on a substrate and turn it into a product.
  2. Catalase is usually located in a cellular, bipolar environment organelle called the peroxisome.Peroxisomes in plant cells are involved inphotorespiration (the use of oxygen and production of carbon dioxide) and symbiotic nitrogen fixation (the breaking apart of diatomic nitrogen (N2) to reactive nitrogen atoms).
    1. The reaction speed is affected by the size of the particles /substances.
      The more surface area the more points of contact for the duration of the reaction. Surface area can be achieved by minimizing the size of the substance
    2. The reaction speed is affected by temperature.
      The higher the reaction temperature, reaction rates also will increase in accordance with the theory Arhenius.
    3. The reaction speed is affected by the catalyst.
      Presence of a catalyst in the reaction can accelerate the course of a reaction. Kereakifan of the catalyst depends on the type andconcentration used.

4.    Enzyme kinetics is the study of the chemical reactions that arencatalyzed by enzymes or the study of the rates of enzyme catalyzed reactions.

5.   Papain cuts the protein chains in the fibrils and also in the connective tissue, disrupting the structural integrity of the muscle fiber, and tenderizing the meat.

6.  Lock and Key   : The shape, or configuration, of the active site is especially designed for  the specific substrate involved.

Induced Fit      : Enzymes are highly flexible, conformationally dynamic molecules, and many of their remarkable properties, including substrate binding and catalysis, are due to their structural pliancy.

  1. A coenzyme is - a non-protein organic substance which is dialyzable, thermostable and loosely attached to the protein part.
  2. D. Amino acids

9.   there are four distinct types of specificity:

1. Absolute specificity - the enzyme will catalyze only one reaction.

2. Group specificity - the enzyme will act only on molecules that have specific

functional groups, such as amino, phosphate and methyl groups.

3. Linkage specificity - the enzyme will act on a particular type of chemical bond regardless of the rest of the molecular structure.

4. Stereochemical specificity - the enzyme will act on a particular steric or optical isomer.

10.  B. It can bind the substrates in the short time

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Group 4 Class D:

  1. 1.      Fahrizal Kreshna Yudichandra                  (115040201111261)
  2. 2.      Irsanty Nadya Isnasa                                    (115040201111263)
  3. 3.      Miki Juprianto                                              (115040201111266)
  4. 4.      Yanuar Eko Nur Sasmito                             (115040201111267)
  5. 5.      Rizki Maulana Ishaq                                    (115040213111010)

 

Question From Lecture 1:

  1. What is the name of the first enzyme which can be crystallized in 1926? And who was the achiever?
  2. What is cloning?
  3. What is Biochemistry used for?

 

Question From Lecture 2:

  1. What is papain? and papain can be used for  what?
  2. How does papain can be used to tenderize meat?
  3. Why Catalase enzyme called the efficient one?

 

Question From Lecture 3:

  1. What is proenzyme or zymogen?
  2. What is isoenzyme?
  3. Explain about Lock and Keys Hypothesis!
  4. Explain about Induce Fit Hypothesis!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Answer for Question from Lecture 1:

  1. The first enzyme which can be crystallized in 1926 is Canavalia ensiformis or urease from jack beans, and achieved by James B.
  2. Cloning is to make a genetically identical organism through non-sexual means.
  3. Biochemistry is used to learn about the biological processes which take place in cells and organisms.

 

Answer for Question from Lecture 2:

  1. Papain is a protein-cleaving enzyme derived from papaya and certain other plants. Papain can be used to tenderize meat.
  2. Papain can cuts the protein chains in the fibrils and also in the connective tissue, disrupting the structural integrity of the muscle fiber, and tenderizing the meat.
  3. Because, one molecule of this enzyme being able to catalyze the conversion 5,000,000 molecules of H202 per minute (the reduction of hydrogen peroxide to water and molecular oxygen) when conditions are favorable.

 

Answer for Question from Lecture 3:

  1. Proenzyme or zymogen is the name that given to an inactive form of the enzyme. Enzymes are often secreted in their inactive form, transported to the place where activity is desire, and then convert to their active form.
  2. Enzymes that perform the same catalytic function in different body tissues or different organisms, but which have different sequences of amino acids in various portions of their polypeptide chain are called isoenzymes.
  3. This hypothesis is proposed by Emil Fischer in 1890, in Lock and Keys hypothesis, the active site of the enzyme is especially designed for a specific substrate.
  4. In Induce Fit hypothesis, Enzymes are highly flexible, conformationally dynamic molecules, and many of their remarkable properties, including substrate binding and catalysis, are due to their structural pliancy.

 

 

 

 

Group 5:

  1. 1.      Ghassani Anggiah                 115040200111082
  2. 2.      Theresia Y.P.                         115040200111079
  3. 3.      Agung Wicaksono                 115040200111083
  4. 4.      Mahendra Putra                   115040201111256
  5. 5.      Siti Umi F.                              115040200111074

 

QUESTIONS:

  1. What are catalysts?
  2. We’ve known that enzyme can be use as a biocatalyt. What is that mean?
  3. Why do the enzyme and substrate can’t directly convert to a product?
  4. What is a Activator  and Enzyme?
  5. What is a cofactor ?
  6.  How do enzyme regulation.?
  7. What are the main factors that alter the speed of enzymatic reactions?
  8. Simple reaction rate of hydration of carbon dioxide increased 107-fold in the presence of.?
  9. There are 2 ways that enzymes work
  10.  What is a Coenzyme.?

Translate:

  1. Apa itu katalis?
  2. Kita telah mengetahui  bahwa enzim dapat digunakan sebagai sebuah biokatalis. Apakah maksudnya?
  3. Mengapa enzim dan substrat tidak dapat langsung mengkonversi menjadi produk?
  4. Apa yang dimaksud dengan penggerak dan enzim?
  5. Apa itu kofaktor?
  6. Bagaimanakah regulasi enzim?
  7. Apa faktor utama yang mengubah kecepatan reaksi enzimatik?
  8. Apakah perbedaan reaksi tanpa enzim dengan reaksi enzimatis?
  9. Ada 2 cara kerja enzim,sebutkan!
  10. Apa itu koenzim?

 

 

ANSWER:

  1. Catalysts are substances that reduce the activation energy of a chemical reaction,and it can ncreases the speed of the chemical reaction.
  2. Biocatalyst is a catalyst that derived from a living organism cells, in this case the catalyst is enzyme.
  3. Both enzyme and subtrate must be unite to produce a product. Because without one of them, the reaction won’t be at the equilibrium point.
  4. Enzymes are organic compounds in the form of a functional protein that plays an important role in the metabolism of compounds which act as a catalyst capable of accelerating the reaction but did not participate to react activator function to activate the enzyme substrate complex
  5.    Cofactor is a component of the enzyme is needed to accelerate the reaction or the catalyst is usually cofactors may be inorganic substances (eg metal ions or molecules) or organic substances (eg, flavin and heme), but also there are some enzymes that do not require components to accelerate the reaction
  6.  Enzyme are tightly regulated enzyme avtivy disrupts cell homoestasis and onften lead to disease states
  7. The main factors that change the speed of enzymatic reactions are temperature, pH and substrate concentration (quantity),
  8.  Carbinic anhydrase
  9.  Lock and key , induced fit
  10.  coenzyme is an organic compound with low molecular weight active role in the catalyst

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Group 6:

Nanik Indah Dwi Winawanti (115040201111064)

Ika Riana Hiola (115040201111072)

Fadhila Inggita H. (115040201111260)

Bagoes Dwi P. (115040200111081)

Arfan Alfian(115040200111084)

M. Ramadhani(115040200111085)

 

QUESTIONS:

  1. What is the definition of papain?
  2. Where the derive of papain?
  3. What Is Biochemistry Used For?
  4. What is enzyme active sites?
  5. Please list the types of enzymes classified by the kind of chemical reaction catalyzed!
  6. How many types of cofactor? Mention it!
  7. What is the characteristic of Enzyme?
  8. Please list Enzyme- Substrate Interaction?
  9. Explain the Enzyme Kinetics?
  10. How does  How does papain papain tenderize meat?

 

Translate:

  1. Apa pengertian dari Papain ?
  2. Dimana bisa ditemukan papain?
  3. Apa kegunaan Biokimia?
  4. Apa yang dimaksud dengan sisi aktif enzim ?
  5. Sebutkanlah, jenis-jenis enzyme yang diklasifikasikan berdasarkan jenis katalis reaksi kimia?
  6. Berapa banyak jenis kofaktor? Sebutkan!
  7. Apa karakteristik dari enzim ?
  8. Sebutkan 2cara kerja enzyme!
  9. Jelaskan tentang enzyme kinetis!
  10. Bagaimana cara papain membuat daging bisa empuk?

 

 

ANSWER:

  1. Papain is a protein cleaving enzyme derived from papaya and certain other  plants.
  2.  From papaya and certain other plants.
  3. Biochemistry is used to learn about the  biological processes which take place in cells and organisms.
  4. The active site is the specific area of the enzyme to which the substrate attaches  during the reaction.
  5. Addition or removal of water, transfer of electrons, transfer of a radical, Splitting or forming a C-C bond, Changing geometry or structure of a molecule, Joining two molecules through hydrolysis of  pyrophosphate bond in ATP or other tri pyrophosphate.
  6. Three types of cofactor , there are : coenzyme, prosthetic group, and metal ion activator.
  7. Proteins Proteins, Biological catalysts, critical components of cell metabolism & biological processes, Very efficient catalysts, Reduce  Reduce  G  (by binding the transition state) , subject to regulatory control of various sorts  of various sorts.

Carry out catalysis in a special region of the molecule, the active the active site, exhibit special kinetics.

  1. Lock and Key" Hypothesis and The "Induced Fit" Hypothesis.
  2. Enzymes follow zero order kinetics when  substrate concentrations are high. Zero order means there is no increase in the rate of the reaction when more substrate is added.
  3. Papain cuts the protein chains  in the fibrils and also in the connective tissue, disrupting the structural integrity of the muscle fiber, and tenderizing the meat.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Group 7:

Moh Yusup Ridho Putro      115040201111265

Atik winarsih                         115040201111257

Futiha ainun qolbu               115040201111264

Betha wahyuningtyas           115040200111075

Fi’liyah                                   115040200111076

David galuh p                        115040200111077

 

  1. Genetic information is carried by? (informasi genetic di bawa oleh?)
  • The sequence base pars
  • The shape, or configuration , of the active siteis especially design for the specific substrate involved. In such a case, the substrate than fits into the active site of te enzyme in much the same way as key fits into a lock.
  • Enzyme, the act as (reactan) but not use in reaction, be one with substrate (S) ini a certainsite ES in shape product
  1. How about activity enzim substrate interaction “lock and key” hypothesis?( . bagaimana hipotesis dari aktivitas enzim substrate dengan interaksi “ gembok dan kunci “)
  1. How about “michaelis-menten model” hypothesis?( bagaimana dengan model hipotesis  michaelis-menten?
  1. mentioned a variety of linearization equation!(sebutkan persamaan linear?)
    1. Persamaan “double-reciprocal”atau “Lineweaver-Burk”

2.         Persamaan “Eadie-Hofstee”

3.         Persamaan “Hanes-Woolf”

  1. hormone that inhibits auxin transport from the formation at the tip of the leaf to the abscission layer is?( hormon yang menghambat transportasi Auksin dari pembentukan pucuk daun lapisan abscission adalah?)
  • Etylene
  • KM prices vary enormously, but
    of most enzymes ranged between
    10-1 - 10-6 M (Table 2.1) depending
    substrate and the environment such as temperature and
    quantity of ion
  • In order to get thel price of KM and Vmax,
    Direct analysis of the above equation
    can be done, but how this
    take a long time, and
    computer assistance is essential to
    optimize the price parameter
    equations quickly.
  • Know many of these molecules called polymers which are made for monomer subunits as material as plant cultivation as developmental as chemical element
  • Discovery of the role of enzymesas catalysis of nucleic acids as information molecules
  • Urea is sintezid in body of many organism as part of urea cycle, either from the oxidation of amino acids or from ammonia.
  • Urease, an enzyme that catalyzes the hidrolisis of urea, forming ammonia and carbon dioxide, found in large quantities in jack bean, soybean and other plant seeds, some animal tissues and intestinal microorganism.
  • Enzyme are complex molecules produce in living organism to catalize (speed up) chemical reaction within the cell.
  • Papain is a protein desaving enzy
  • me derived form papaya and certain other plant
  1. How to determined a KM dan Vmax ?( bagaimana cara menentukan KM dan Vmax?)
  1. Whatever benefit that at gets on agricultural area biochemistry?( apa manfaat yang didapat dari bidang biokimia pertanian)
  1. What breakthroughs in biochemistry? (apa terobosan dalam biokimia)
  1. The different of urea and urease?(apa perbedaan dari urea dan urease)
  1. Different enzyme and papain? (Perbedaan enzim dan papain adalah?)

 

Comments (4) Trackbacks (0)
  1. wah kok angel2 yo??????????????

  2. iyaaaaaa

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  4. menambah pengetahuan saya….


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